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Title: Diversity and Complexity of Australian Culture
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Blog Entry: Australian aboriginal art, called as the indigenous Australian art, is made up of the art by the indigenous Australian people with the art of the non-indigenous Australians. The Australian art includes a range of media ranging from rock art and rock engravings to paintings. Indigenous art with Aboriginal Australian societies is highly diverse and reflects the complexity and richness of the ancient living Australian culture on the Earth. The Aboriginal art had a vital role in the expression of spirituality and is portrayed in several forms, such as rock paintings, rock engravings, body painting, as well as bark painting. Diverse and Complex Visual Art According to Korff, Aboriginal Australian art is a cultural expression statement by use of a series of life experiences and recounting of untold stories of these cultural diversities. To aboriginal people, art was not just a good picture, but a compilation of considerable symbols and designs that give significance to the origin and purpose of life, ancestral beings, maps, as well as sacred sites. In general, art ought to principally be seen as a representation of conceptual relationships which sway the way the people understand and interpret the landscape. Aboriginal Australian art is an essential component to social acquaintance and cultural preservation of Aboriginal communities. Dot painting is another aspect of Australian visual art that portrays diversity of culture, as well as complexity in the comprehension of what they intended to mean. They made dot paintings using different colours to create different impressions that represented various aspects in life. People used yellow to represent the sun, brown colour to represent the earth surface and the soil, white to represent the skies and the clouds, while the desert was represented by the use of red colour. Aboriginal Australians used to paint dot painting on any surface but commonly that were stones, rocks and canvas among other media. The Aboriginal people used to represent the diversity of nature using these paintings, and the complexity in which they understood the nature. Through these paintings, they also represented their culture and religious diversities, as well as kept history of their cultural legends. The cultural and religious diversity of the Aboriginal people was also represented in the rock paintings that were done on caves. Some of these rock paintings were done in the Gwion Gwion which is named Bradshaws located in the Australian Kimberly region. The Aboriginal people composed the paintings from organic colour materials which some modern artists still use to create impressions of the aboriginal styles. Examples of the rock art include the ones found in the Olary district in southern Australia and in the Pilbara region in Western Australia. These rock arts present some descriptive information of the environmental changes, economic activities and social diversities of the people. These paintings also present the material culture and cultural diversities of the people, as well as their myths and religious complexities. It shows how diverse the people understood their environment, since it represents their interpretation of the nature around the world. In addition, they also had paintings on the barks of the trees which represent some fine art that is highly valued in the arts world. The aboriginal people of ancient times also showed their culture by producing an aerial landscape art genre which is often titled the "country" art.  It shows a bird's-eye view of the landscape of the desert, and it seems to tell a traditional story of the distant past through the common media of such artwork. It shows a bird's-eye view of the landscape of the desert, and it seems to tell a traditional story of the distant past through the common media of such artwork. This media could be rock or body painting whose tradition continues in current times in the form of coloured drawings on canvas using liquid based colour. Aboriginal Australian people who lived thousands of years ago left their marks through art on rocks and in caves. In current times, paintings and engravings exist on the rocks across Australia mostly in Central and Western Australia. As stated, traditional Aboriginal people engraved or painted to reveal some maps of places, past stories, or even leave marks on sacred sites. They used several forms of natural materials to paint or engrave the art media with. For instance, ochre was one of the most important painting materials used. The materials would be ground down, and mixed with water or blood to form a paste they used to paint with. These materials were used in a variety of ways like blowing a fine spray by mouth to form stencils, brushing the paints using fine hair, and by the use of hands or fingers. Rock surfaces were engraved by the use of smaller sharper rocks used to create impressions and symbols. Rock engravings and rock paintings involve visual representations describing the social, economic, as well as spiritual activities of Aboriginal life. Images of men and women, animals, items and weapons are used to demonstrate stories and symbols that are commonly used. Aboriginal Australian symbols are used to retain and present momentous information on their culture. These arts and paintings may indicate a scared location and the sites of water, as well as the means to get there. Generally the use of symbols is a variation of lines, dots or circles which have simple and sometimes complex meaning. For instance, some paintings used a series of circles to portray either a campsite, waterhole or even meeting places, as well as the parallel lines that represent the journey path through the hills to the water points. The use of symbols was also applied to indicate the journey ancestral spirits took as they travelled to create ceremonial sites. These artworks do not only explain the use of symbols, but also the application of layered meaning in the world of art. Artists commonly refer to such use as outright meaning from some hidden media. This is because the general public may see an outside story, but those people who have the appropriate depth of knowledge can see and understand the actual meaning of what the art is trying to put across. Rock Engravings Engravings on the rocks used to portray some more permanent visual arts, but it depends on the type of rocks that their impressions were engraved on. Rock engraving adopted several different methods to create them with several different forms of Rock art aver Australia. Some of the most common of such pieces of art is Murujuga, which is the world's largest collection, and the Sydney Rock Engravings in Sydney and the Panaramitee rock art. All these have certain peculiar styles that are unique to their time, such as the Sydney Rock Art whose style of beautiful carved humans, animals and symbolism is not found elsewhere in Australia. In general, whether the works of art is rock painting, engraving or even a form of body painting, decoration, Aboriginal people engage in a spiritual ritual of describing the dreaming or passing on essential information that keeps the dreaming alive when creating the art or interpreting the art. In current times, Contemporary Aboriginal art is displayed in galleries across the world. Other aboriginal visual arts that portray cultural complexities and diversities include Stone arrangements ranging from bigger stone arrangements like the circles of Victoria to the smaller arrangements like those near Yirrkala used by fishermen. Others are carvings and sculpture. Others are carved shells, man-like carvings and carvings of mythological creatures. Necklaces, as well as other jewellery, also form part of aboriginal visual arts. Weaving art and string art is also a critical component of the Australian visual culture including basket weaving, which describes the Australian Aboriginal fibre craft symbols. Certain symbols of the Aboriginal art usually carry and retain similar meaning across the Australian regions, even though there are some meanings of some symbols that may change depending on the context of the painting or the community. When viewed in general aspects, some symbols can be similar, but sometimes they may depict meanings depending on the people or groups that view them. When a symbol, for instance, is used by one of the Aboriginal tribe for one meaning or occasion, it can carry other meaning in a different tribe.   In conclusion, different forms of painting materials have increased, and the painting and designs have become more elaborated. However, whether the art is all about tradition or about contemporary art, works of art will always tell a story or give meanings of the association between people, nature and the land. Work of visual art is a way of visually representing the culture of Aboriginal people, and a form of education, as well as the continuation of the belief system belonging to the Aboriginal Australian people. The complexity and diversities of the Aboriginal culture is seen in many of their visual sacred site arts, rock and cave arts, use of colours and anything made of available simple material. This material was provided by Cody Harper, who works at the source where you can buy a literary analysis task.